Energy is a central theme of life. It is the driving force for everything, in both the mind and surrounding environment.
Biology derives most its energy from photosynthesis and the aerobic reduction of oxygen. In short, from the long periods of time it took to create fossil fuels via photosynthesis and an atmosphere containing oxygen, energy rich plant-based carbon fuels begin with a relatively negative potential that releases energy when oxidized and eventually reduces the relatively positive oxygen.
A biofuel cell may be designed that performs all the necessary processes, including solar capture and oxygen reduction, and potentially carbon fixation. In this regard, it would therefore be likely to be 2-3 times more efficient than solar panels, and possibly beneficial for climate change. The stability and cost of biological materials has always been a limiting problem, but could potentially be addressed.
If you are an individual or organization interested in sponsoring such a project, please contact Dr. Haas.